Razed to the ground: Manors in the county of Altenburg
More than 60 manors existed once in Altenburg county. Many of them were torn down after the land reform in East Germany in 1945. Others, still existing manor houses are vacant today and dilapidated. We are documenting their history and their destiny.
A first overview over still existing and already vanished manors gives our interactive map. By clicking on the icons you get additional information on the manors (in German). Manors with green icons are described in part 1 of our publication on manors in Altenburg county, red icons mean you find that manor in part 2.
While some of the manor buildings and castles are still in private hands (like Vollmershain manor), are others used in new ways (for example as administrative centres in Nöbdenitz and Nobitz), as a museum (e.g. in Ponitz) or youth hostel (e.g. in Windischleuba). Others of the former magnificent buildings are vacant today (e.g. Tannenfeld castle and Langenleuba-Niederhain Castle),while some castles have already been torn down (like Meuselwitz Castle, and lastly Löbichau castle, which was replaced by a reconstruction in 2009).
The two books “Manors in Altenburg county”, published in 2007 and 2010 in German language, give an overview of the history and the current situation of the regional manors for the first time since the late 19th century. Gustav Wolf, head of the local history society “Geschichts- und Altertumsforschenden Gesellschaft des Osterlandes”, deserves a special credit for his long-lasting and meticulous research in the valuable stock of the Thuringian public record office in Altenburg.
In part 2 of our publication Gustav Wolf writes about the historical and architectural value of the manors: “The manor houses, originally built as castles for military defence and later on rebuilt as prestigious manor houses, are important historical and art monuments of their time. Regardless if as medieval moated castle (Breitenhain), as castle built on a hill (Posterstein), as renaissance castle (Ponitz, Oberzetzscha, Oberlödla), baroque castle (Dobitschen, Romschütz, Langenleuba), as neo-classical castle (Löbichau) or if build in a younger architectural style, the manors not only formed the landscape, but became a part of the history of art and architecture themselves.” (freely translated from German)
Museum Posterstein Castle’s research on manors in Altenburg county
I am very interested in the history of the
Wasserschloss in Dobitschen
I showed my son the castle in which i spent most of my summer vacations when i was in grade school in Berlin and later in south Germany during the war.
I loved to climb up into the tower where the wind blew through some of the broken windows! My name is Ingrid Regula geb.
SCHELLENBERG, and Fritz Schellenberg
Was my uncle. He owned the Rittergut from 1929- 1945. Und wurde ” enteignet”
Dear Ingrid Regula, thanks so much for contacting and sharing your story! In the Museum Burg Posterstein we made a book about the history of the different manors and castles. Many of them have a sad history and many owners were forced to leave their ground and the land. Did your uncle move to the US? I can send you the longer text on Dibitchen by e-mail if you are interested. Just write to firstname.lastname@example.org – Have a nice weekend, best wishes from Burg Posterstein